Instructions for Authors (Author Guidelines)
Author(s) are requested to submit their manuscripts, in accordance with the consecutive format which might facilitate in easy review by the Editorial Board (EB) members.
- Author(s) with affiliations
- List of abbreviations
- Materials and Methods
- Tables and Figures
- Supplementary information
Abstract - Abstract should be perfect, short and brief to convey the manuscript in advance along with the significance of the work. The abstract should contain a rapid background of the question(s), an outline of the results and importance of their findings (while not in depth experimental detail). It should not exceed more than 300 words.
Keywords used - The keywords should be at least 3-5 (semicolon symbol after each keyword).
List of Abbreviations - The list of abbreviations should be for example: WHO: World Health Organization; OPHS: Ontario Public Health Standard; CSAE: Central Statistic Agency Ethiopia.
Introduction - Introduction should provide a clear statement of the study, appropriate literature on the study subject along with the planned approach. This should enough to attract the reader's attention from a broad array of scientific disciplines.
Materials and Methods – Materials part should contain the detailed descriptions of all types of materials used. Methods section should include sufficient details so that all procedures can be replicable by other researchers. Authors can divide these sections into subsections if several methods were described. The methodology should be exact, but with sufficient detail to guide scientific reliability.
Results – Results section should describe the findings and outcomes of an article (research, case study, review etc.). It should be perfect, understandable and brief (using figures & tables). The layout of the result section should be in the same order in which the introduction section has been structured.
Discussions – Discussion section has to illustrate the significance of results in relation to the reasons for doing the work. It should include the strengths and limitations of the study. Also, interpretation and implications with reference to the context should be given indicating the future research directions.
Conclusions - Conclusion should be given for the closure of an article.
Acknowledgments – Author can include sources of funding, grants, details about anyone who contributed substantially towards the study etc.
References - In this section author can include only published or accepted manuscripts in the reference list. But the Abstracts, Conference talks, or Papers that have been submitted in meetings which are not yet accepted should not be cited. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.
Annex uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method. References are listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets. Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas. Where there are three or more sequential citations, they should be given as a range. For Example: "… now enable biologists to simultaneously monitor the expression of thousands of genes in a single experiment [6,12-19,26]. Confirm that the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order for the related journal before ordering the citations. Captions of Figures and tables should be at the end of the manuscript. Authors are requested to at least one online link for each reference as following (preferably PubMed). Because all references will be linked electronically as far as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is essential.
Order of details of a reference should be maintained as below:
Authors (>5 et al.) <space>(Year)<space>Title.<space>Journal name<space>Volume number:<space>page number.<space>doi.
Please use the following style for the reference list:
1. Zwerling CS (2016) Forensic Analysis of a Contact Lens in a Murder Case. J Forensic Sci 61: 534-9.
2. Kalaycı TO, Koruyucu MB, Apaydın M, Etit D, Varer M (2016) Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis Associated with Erythema Nodosum. Balkan Med J 33: 228-31.
3. Sheth J, Datar C, Mistri M, Bhavsar R, Sheth F, et al. (2016) GM2 gangliosidosis AB variant: novel mutation from India - a case report with a review. BMC Pediatr 16: 88. doi: 10.1186/s12887-016-0626-6.
Note: Please list the first five authors and then add "et al." if there are more authors.
1. Heymann DL (2008) Rabies In: Control of Communicable Diseases Manual (19th Edn) American Public Health Association, Washington, USA.
2. Krishnamurthy GT, Krishnamurthy S (2000) Nuclear Hepatology: A Textbook of Hepatobiliary Diseases, Springer Science & Business Media Publisher, USA.
Avesani G, Negrelli R, Boninsegna E, (2016) MRI-MRCP findings in focal and diffuse autoimmune pancreatitis and comparison of focal type of the head and of the body-tail. European Congress of Radiology.
Tables should be designed as easy as possible clear and understandable. Author should submit tables as .doc format. Tables should be typed, double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and must contain with a heading and a legend. Tables should be clear without reference to the text. Preferably, the details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form in the text. Cells can be copied from an Excel spreadsheet and pasted into a word document, but Excel files should not be embedded as objects.
Note: If the table is in PDF format, the author is requested to retain the same in .doc format in order to aid in completion of process successfully.
The format of figure should be like PNG, TIFF and JPEG. If author have created images with separate components on different layers, please send us the Photoshop files.
The display size of the images or figures MUST be with the following image resolutions: Line Art 800 dpi, Combination (Line Art+Halftone) 600 dpi, Halftone 300 dpi. The image files must be cropped as adjacent to the actual image as possible without missing the clarity of the image.
Arabic numerals are used to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (i.e., Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include enough description so that the figure is clear without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.
Tables and Equations as Graphics:
Equations should be submitted in EPS or TIFF format as discrete files (i.e., a file containing only the data for one equation) cannot be submitted in MathML. When tables cannot be encoded as XML/SGML they can be submitted as graphics. It is difficult that the font size in all equations and tables are consistent and legible throughout all submissions (If this method is used).
This section contains for example: figures and tables referred to at an appropriate point in the main text of the paper. Figures (or) Images should be a maximum size of 640 x 480 pixels (9 x 6.8 inches at 72 pixels per inch).
Summary diagram/figure included as part of the Supplementary information (optional).
All Supplementary information should submit as a single PDF file, if possible. File size within the permitted limits for Supplementary Information.